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Beginner’s Guide to E-Bikes

man biking on e bike

Sustainable transport, specifically electric bikes, has witnessed a huge increase in popularity. In 2021, the e-bike market was valued at an impressive $28.87 billion, with projections estimating a substantial growth to $52.59 billion by 2028. 

This surge isn’t surprising, considering the numerous benefits e-bikes offer. From reducing environmental impact to providing an efficient and enjoyable mode of transportation, e-bikes are changing how we commute.

Types of e-Bikes

E-bikes are available in various types, depending on the type of assistance you prefer. Pedal-assist e-bikes, categorized as Class 1 and 3, provide electric assistance exclusively when pedaling. Class 1 supports speeds up to 20 mph, while Class 3 extends the limit to 28 mph, making them suitable for shared bike paths and lanes.

Throttle-assist e-bikes (Class 2) offer a top speed of 20 mph, allowing riders to engage the motor without pedaling. Like Class 1, they are generally allowed on bike paths, providing flexibility for those seeking motor assistance without constant pedaling.

Additionally, there is also a range of specialized categories designed for various riding styles and terrains:

- Road e-bikes: Designed for speed on smooth surfaces like paved city roads

- Mountain e-bikes: Built to conquer rugged off-road trails

- Hybrid e-bikes: Versatile option for mixed on and off-road use

- Folding e-bikes: Compact and portable, ideal for commuting and storage

Key E-Bike Components

To understand how electric bikes work, it’s important to learn about their three core components: the motor, battery and controller/display:


Hub motors and mid-drive motors are the two primary electric motor types for e-bikes. Hub motors are integrated into the wheel hub and offer a balanced, simple design, ideal for casual riders. They provide direct power to the wheels, ensuring efficient flat terrain riding. 

Mid-drive motors, located between the pedals, provide maximum torque and are excellent for hill-climbing. They offer a natural riding feel and better weight distribution, favored by enthusiasts for challenging terrain and longer rides.

Motor sizes can range from 250 W to over 1,000 W; however, many cities prohibit the use of electric bikes if the motor exceeds 750 W. 


E-bike batteries are typically lithium-ion that store and deliver electric power to the motor. They come in a range of capacities from 300 to 750 Watt-hours, with higher capacities allowing greater range per charge. A 375 Wh battery offers a range of about 37 miles, while a 520 Wh battery typically provides 50 miles of assistance on a single charge. However, this can depend on the terrain, rider weight, cargo and weather.  

Controller and Display

The controller and display are the brains of the e-bike. The controller manages and distributes power from the battery to the motor while the display shows speed, battery level, assist mode and other ride data. More advanced displays allow customizing assist levels and other settings like GPS navigation. 

Choosing the Right e-Bike

Because e-bikes come in a range of styles and power levels, it can be challenging to choose the right model. When trying to determine the best electric bike for you, there are a few factors to consider:

- Estimate your riding mileage needs and find a battery with adequate range. Think about your average trip distance and how often you may need to recharge. Higher battery capacities provide more range but also add cost.

- Compare motor power and quality to handle your terrain and riding style. More powerful motors deliver increased torque for hills and challenging rides. Look for durable mid-drive motors if planning lots of off-roading.

- Pick a frame size that allows you to comfortably reach the handlebars and seat and a saddle height that allows you to reach the ground when stationary. Assess if the motor provides smooth, responsive pedal assist.

- Choose features like suspension, wider tires or fenders that match the conditions where you plan to ride. Suspension absorbs bumps on trails, wider tires add stability and fenders keep you dry.

E-Bike Maintenance and Safety

How long an electric bike lasts depends on how well you maintain and ride it. With proper care, an e-bike can last for years before needing replacement parts.

Doing basic maintenance like regularly cleaning your e-bike, lubricating the chain and checking tire pressure will keep your bike running smoothly for longer. Storing batteries properly by avoiding heat damage, maintaining a 40-80% charge and fully recharging every month will help extend the battery life, which is typically 2-5 years.

Getting annual tune-ups and safety checks will also maximize your e-bike’s lifespan. A certified mechanic should torque loose bolts, adjust brakes and derailleurs, inspect brake pads, check spoke tension and test the motor and electrical systems. This type of regular maintenance helps prevent problems from occurring and catches issues early.

Practicing safe riding habits will help prevent accidents and damage, too. Always wear a helmet and use lights when riding. Follow traffic laws, use hand signals and be highly visible with reflective clothing. Your e-bike will last longer if you know how to ride defensively and avoid hazards.

Find New and Used e-Bikes at Upway

Explore the coastal breeze, conquer challenging terrains or simply enjoy a convenient commute with an e-bike. Visit Upway today to discover a wide range of new and used e-bikes for sale. Join the e-bike revolution and experience the joy of efficient, eco-friendly and exhilarating transportation.

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